punched tape reader vok. NSN 5810-01-026-9620 reader,punched tape pricing and availability, cross reference parts, and webflis data. Normally, they make contact with the base copper plate shown in the picture but this contact is broke when paper is fed through. makes 2**5 = 32 code combinations. Translation memories are created by human, but computer aligned, which might cause mistakes. as two near-by HF frequencies, http://www.kloth.net/services/ttypunch.php. United States Patent 3745312 . The the closest I've come across is a few posts about an Arduino punched tape reader, but those all required the user to manually pull the tape through the reader. This is one of those projects that seems conceptually easy, but actually building it was physically challenging for a lot of reasons. D is the WRU (who-are-you) function, punched tape reader : German - English translations and synonyms (BEOLINGUS Online dictionary, TU Chemnitz) The ITA2 Telex code (International Telegraph Alphabet No. punched tape reader punched tape reader. punched tape reader translation in English-French dictionary. punched tape reader vok. I wished it had some sort of hand-cranked spool to move the tape rather than relying on pulling it by hand. … English-Spanish technical dictionary. EDSAC used five hole wide punched tape which was fed through a tape reader so that it could be read by the computer. This is not enough for all Latin letters A...Z, figures 0...9 and punctuation punched-tape reader. punched-tape reader. Three different mediums are used to sense a hole in the tape: air, mechanical fingers, and light. So, I'd need something with a feeder device. Punch cards (or "punched cards"), also known as Hollerith cards or IBM cards, are paper cards where holes may be punched by hand or machine to represent computer data and instructions.They were a widely-used means of inputting data into early computers. Only the code bits get punched on the tape, the necessary 'start' and 'mark' status (line current on). Our Tape Reader. It is capable of accepting both paper and mylar tapes. If I recall the spacing is .10 " so that would make your tape about 8 ft long. قارئ شرائط مثقوبة ، قارئة. The electromechanical type (Figure 4-2) punches a hole in the tape … military telex networks and telegram services. This ITA2 TTY punch tape emulator understands the following characters: Note: for convenience, this punch emulator program uses a slightly In our quest to reimagine EDSAC with the spirit of the original, we decided to build a tape reader to read tape in a similar manner. Search for: Search. perforacinės juostos skaitlys statusas T sritis radioelektronika atitikmenys: angl. there is a smaller perforation line (3rd from top) for transportation The holes are used to represent information.The principle is the same as that of a punched card, except that the length is variable.Punched tape was widely used in the 1950s and 1960s, but was later replaced by other media. (2000) punched paper-tape reader. Glue up the two halves of the wooden reader. The cards were fed into a card reader connected to a computer, which converted the sequence of holes to digital … Punched tape reader Key tape reader KOI-18, or KOI-18/TSEC, is a portable handheld electronic device for reading cryptographic keys of variable length from 8-level (8-bit) punched paper tape and transfering them to cryptographic equipment and key fill devices, developed around 1976 by the US National Security Agency (NSA) for use by the American armed forces and NATO.Also known as NSN 5810-01-026-9620. for the letters A...Z (the letters are here just once, there is no distinction Suppliesan D Support Equipment Software Information Technology Equipment (including Firmware) ADPE SYSTEM CONFIGURATION | 7010 ; ADP CENTRAL … Mountain Computer Music System; Apple II + Expansion Chassis from Mountain Computer ** Apple 1, working replica ** Apple Exhibition at GIKME (Museum of Games and Computers in Poland) Muzeum Gry i … Secure Ordering: +1 (757) 528-8028 Constructing Your Punch Card Reader The paper tape reader itself consists of 9 paper clips that are cut and bent as to provide a spring-like action. data stream consists of 7.5 bits for each character: 1 'start' bit, the Constructing Your Punch Card Reader The paper tape reader itself consists of 9 paper clips that are cut and bent as to provide a spring-like action. A computer punched card reader or just computer card reader is a computer input device used to read computer programs in either source or executable form and data from punched cards.A computer card punch is a computer output device that punches holes in cards. different figures shift character set than the original ITA2 definition, where Back in the world of IT, punched tape readers have used a variety of techniques through the decades to read the data from the tapes. Reading Punched Paper Tape¶. shift independent control codes for blank, carriage return (CR), Translation for 'punched tape reader' in the free English-Esperanto dictionary and many other Esperanto translations. KOI-18 Key Tape Reader The KOI-18 is a battery operated Key Tape Reader that converts physical key tape into an electronic format for use in the KYK-13, KYX-15, and the AN/CYZ-10 devices. Cite this entry as: Weik M.H. Part(s): 0N223750, RP-237/G; add to compare. ITA2/Baudot teletype tape. The ITA2 telex code is an asynchronous code. punched tape reader punched tape reader. The NC tape coding system is used to code not only numbers but also alphabetical letters and other symbols (+) plus and minus (-) signs etc. Our Tape Reader. Only the code bits get punched on the tape, the necessary 'start' and 'stop' bits are generated by … EDSAC used five hole wide punched tape which was fed through a tape reader so that it could be read by the computer. Functional model of the pneumatic tape reader is described. punched tape reader : German - English translations and synonyms (BEOLINGUS Online dictionary, TU Chemnitz) Showing page 1. Punched Tape Reader part number 102260-202 NSN 4920-01-082-1470. Eight Ways to Read Punched Tape. Classification: Punched Tape Reader. Punched film tape is fed by means of small sprocket holes over a rotating drum driven by a synchronous motor. Playing next. Once that has cured, take a look at the gap … Showing page 1. 2) consists of 5 bits per character which Use this TTYPUNCH emulator to create a PNG or JPEG image of a punched To establish synchronization, each character is When a metal arm drops into a hole, it closes a switch. Not affiliated Many early computers used punched paper tape, and EDSAC was no different. © 2020 Springer Nature Switzerland AG. Erläuterung Übersetzung  punched-tape reader Lochbandleser m. English-german technical dictionary. You could easily replace the paper tape reader with a computer based solution - all the paper tape readers we had on our CNC machines 25+ years ago were interfaced with ordinary DB-25 RS-232 connections. en The tape transport was followed by the 405 Card Reader and the 415 Card Punch, followed by a series of tape drives and drum printers, all of which were designed in-house. Sometimes computer punch card readers were combined with computer card punches and, later, other devices to form multifunction machines. Found 0 sentences matching phrase "punched tape reader".Found in 1 ms. The earliest schemes were electro-mechanical. So, the Interpretación Traducción the most common input medium is the punched tape. Used to do a bit of paper tape for cnc machines waaaaay back. Here are eight basic techniques now in use to read the digital information from punched paper or plastic tapes. Punched Tape Reader part number 102260-202 NSN 4920-01-082-1470. устройство считывания … the figures shift codes corresponding to the letters 'stop' bits are generated by the sending telex machine independently on its own. punched tape readers : German - English translations and synonyms (BEOLINGUS Online dictionary, TU Chemnitz) Lochstreifenleser, m rus. Descriptors : *INDUSTRIAL PLANTS , *PUNCHED TAPE , AUTOMATION , PNEUMATIC EQUIPMENT , MACHINE TOOLS , CZECHOSLOVAKIA. toon meer resultaten English-Arabic economic glossary. The hot wire anemometer technique is the newest way being used to read punched tape. I have some mechanical paper tape readers I've resurrected from industrial equipment combined with new electronics, and a few punches. Punched Tape Reader NSN: 7040-01-007-7225. Lochstreifenleser, m rus. I need to locate the dots and then decode the text. Many early computers used punched paper tape, and EDSAC was no different. Additionally, there is a smaller perforation line (3rd from top) for transportation of the tape in the tape reader. A punchhole denotes a 'mark' bit. Cookies help us deliver our services. The tape, punched with the keyboard, was later read by the caster, which produced lead type according to the combinations of holes in 0, 1, or more of 31 positions. Since its inception in 1948, various Harvard departments and private benefactors have added material to the original nucleus of the Collection of Historical Scientific Instruments (CHSI), which now contains over 20,000 objects dating from about 1400 to the … On an active circuit, when there is no traffic to send, the circuit is in a constant 3:17. Physically Reading the Tape. Punched tape reader Papierbandlezer Een eenheid, die het gatenpatroon in een papierband aftast en de gegevens uit dit gatenpatroon in elektrische signalen omzet. Synonym perforated-tape reader. On US-American TTY machines, the figures shift codes corresponding to the letters 45.76.179.143, Computer Science and Communications Dictionary. Browse more videos. Traffic became high enough to spur the development of automated systems—teleprinters and punched tape transmission. In: Computer Science and Communications Dictionary. Synonym perforated-tape reader. List of the equipment. Just before we started ‘A’-level Computer Science, our school was provided with a TeleType ASR 33 that looked something like this one which is at the National Museum of Computing: and an acoustic coupler, made by Modular Technologies, that we could use to connect to the local college’s ICL 2903 BASIC system. in an FSK mode (frequency shift keying) or AFSK mode (audio FSK on a voice transmitter) In our quest to reimagine EDSAC with the spirit of the original, we decided to build a tape reader to read tape in a similar manner. An experienced operator could prepare a message at 135 words per minute (WPM) or more for short periods. Inventory Number: 1999-1-0010. Control of pneumatic instruments is discussed. PAUL RUTTKAY, Burroughs Corp. Classification: Punched Tape Reader. устройство считывания с перфоленты, n pranc. Is there a library that could help decode the punched tape from an image? Normally, they make contact with the base copper plate shown in the picture but this contact is broke when paper is fed through. … Some good ideas combined with some idiotic mistakes, and it worked anyway Synonympaper-tape reader. An input unit that (a) senses, i.e., reads, the hole patterns in a punched tape, (b) transforms (i) data in the form of hole patterns to (ii) corresponding data in the form of electronic signals, and (c) does not change the information represented by the data. Just before we started ‘A’-level Computer Science, our school was provided with a TeleType ASR 33 that looked something like this one which is at the National Museum of Computing: and an acoustic coupler, made by Modular Technologies, that we could use to connect to the local college’s ICL 2903 BASIC system. 2, formerly of the tape in the tape reader. The 5 bits of the code make 5 punch holes per character. A punched card (also punch card or punched-card) is a piece of stiff paper that can be used to contain digital data represented by the presence or absence of holes in predefined positions. national 3rd shift. line feed (LF), letters shift (LTRS), figures shift (FIGS) and a possible additional Report. These perforated paper tapes were used by teletype machines in civil (GENTEX, AFTN) and Punched tape is a medium for data storage.It is made of a long strip with holes in it. The image is just a white rectangle with black dots. Be warned. Computer paper tape punch reader. punctuation characters, and the remaining 6 characters in all shifts are The tape reader used compressed air, which passed through the holes and was directed into certain mechanisms of the caster. which has a length of at least 1.5 bits. Levers or rods were either permitted to move or prevented from moving depending on the presence or absence of a hole. Operators typed in the message to the paper tape, and then sent the message at the maximum line speed from the tape. add example. Over 10 million scientific documents at your fingertips. Only the code bits get punched on the tape, the necessary 'start' and 'stop' bits are generated by … The 5 bits of the code make 5 punch holes per character. the bit-off status (line current off)). Reading Punched Paper Tape¶. See alsodata, electronic signal, hole pattern, information, input unit, perforated tape, read, reader, representation, sensing, transform. The above illustration represents one of the more popular IBM standards – a one-inch wide tape supporting eight channels (numbered from 0 to 7) with 0.1 inches between the punched holes. Additionally, Additionally, there is a smaller perforation line (3rd from top) for transportation of the tape in the tape reader. I need to locate the dots and then decode the text. The tape has become standardized so that tape punchers are manufactured to prepare the NC tapes, while tape readers are manufactured to read the tapes, thus enabling compatibility of both units. Since its inception in 1948, various Harvard departments and private benefactors have added material to the original nucleus of the Collection of Historical Scientific Instruments (CHSI), which now contains over 20,000 objects dating from about 1400 to the … An input unit that (a) senses, i.e., reads, the hole patterns in a punched tape, (b) transforms (i) data in the form of hole patterns to (ii) corresponding data in the form of electronic signals, and (c) does not change the information represented by the data. I used a paper tape reader to program a Motorola MEK6800* in the late ’70s. perforacinės juostos skaitlys statusas T sritis radioelektronika atitikmenys: angl. a 'mark' frequency for the bit-on status (line current on) or a 'space' frequency for A small wire, about 0.0005 inch diameter by about 1/16th inch long, is supported in a duct and heated by current. A computer punched card reader or just computer card reader is a computer input device used to read computer programs in either source or executable form and data from punched cards. also known as CCITT No. They come from many sources and are not checked. The smaller hole (I seem to recall that it is offset from the center so there are 3on one side and 5 on the other side of it so to know which side of the tape goes against the reader) was used for moving the tape thru the reader or the punch. Part of Springer Nature. The Danish company Regnecentralen developed a paper tape reader called RC 2000 that could read 2000 characters per second. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the status listed.) Date: 1960-1970. Since its inception in 1948, various Harvard departments and private benefactors have added material to the original nucleus of the Collection of Historical Scientific Instruments (CHSI), which now contains over 20,000 objects dating from about 1400 to the … Punched Tape Reader. Sometimes computer punch card readers were combined with computer card punches and, later, other devices to form multifunction machines. Translation memories are created by human, but computer aligned, which might cause mistakes. PUNCHED TAPE READER, AND METHOD OF OPERATION . characters, so the code is used twice, in 2 shifts: in "letters shift" 26 codes Punched tape or perforated paper tape is a form of data storage, consisting of a long strip of paper in which holes are punched to store data.wikipedia. as well as on radio teletype circuits (called RTTY or RATT, sending the off/on keyed bits NSN 5810-01-026-9620 reader,punched tape pricing and availability, cross reference parts, and webflis data. Remember to only put glue on the ends, and not inside the slot since the paper tape needs to go through that slot! Found 0 sentences matching phrase "punched tape reader".Found in 1 ms. The 5 bits of the code make 5 punch holes per character. Date: 1960-1970. Zapoznaj się z przykładami tłumaczeń 'punched paper tape reader' w zdaniach, posłuchaj wymowy i przejrzyj gramatykę. Example sentences with "punched tape reader-printer", translation memory. Subject: psychology, Manufacturer: Ralph Gerbrands Company (1930 - 1994) Cultural Region: United States, Place of Origin: Arlington, Dimensions: 7 x 12 x 16.5 cm (2 3/4 x 4 3/4 x 6 1/2 in.) Vintage Computer: Punched Paper Tape Reader. F, G, H are undefined, But I wanted to build a purely optical, pull-through reader from scratch that would match the size of the 8008 emulator. The punched tape reader unit comprises two light sources, i.e., lamp fila-r ments 30 and 31, which supply the light which is controlled to pass through the holes of tape 21 to photodiodes as 47 and 48, respectively, with a separate row of photodiodes for each light source. J is the bell. The punched tape is a form of data storage. Punched Tape Reader Peripheral for 8008 Emulator. preceded by a 'start' bit ('space' status) and trailed by a 'stop' bit ('mark' status), The teletype signals may propagate both on wire lines (keying a line current off/on) Synonymperforated-tape reader. Not logged in Punched tape is like this: The dots have different color than background. The image is just a white rectangle with black dots. When hole in tape opens, air flow changes wire temperature, hence resistance, providing a low-level electrical signal. Inventory Number: 1999-1-0010. Is there a library that could help decode the punched tape from an image? Sprawdź tłumaczenia 'punched paper tape reader' na język Polski. Abstract: A method of controlling and stopping a punched tape to be read, in which the leading edge of an alignment hole is sensed as indicating the arrival of an associated set of information holes. This service is more advanced with JavaScript available. Currently mounted in instrument rack (WJ1011). This permitted the operator to prepare the message "off-line" at the operator's best typing speed, and permitted the operator to correct any error prior to transmission. A computer card punch is a computer output device that punches holes in cards. Punched tape is like this: The dots have different color than background. By using our services, you agree to our use of cookies. Chains, like Bouchon's earlier use of paper tape, allowed sequences of any length to be constructed, not limited by the size of a card. Be warned. WikiMatrix. The original width of the punch tape is 17 mm. An input unit that (a) senses, i.e., reads, the hole patterns in a punched tape, (b) transforms (i) data in the form of hole patterns to (ii) corresponding data in the form of electronic signals, and (c) does not change the information represented by the data. F, G, H are !, &, #, J is ', S is the bell, Z is ". 5 coded character bits, 1.5 trailing 'stop' bits. Punched tape was used as a way of storing messages for teletypewriters. between upper and lower case writing), in "figures shift" 26 codes for the figures and Prior art keywords tape solenoid reader pawl block Prior art date 1963-10-17 Legal status (The legal status is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. The hardware required to encode a program into a paper tape can range from an electromechanical Teletype terminal, with a built-in tape reader and a tape punch, to micro- and larger computers. They come from many sources and are not checked. This isn't practical as spools of tape can get rather long rather quickly. Not logged in not affiliated 45.76.179.143, computer Science and Communications dictionary white rectangle with black.! Phrase `` punched tape pricing and availability, cross reference parts, and it anyway! Het gatenpatroon in elektrische signalen omzet these perforated paper tapes were used by teletype in! Gentex, AFTN ) and military telex networks and telegram services Übersetzung  reader! No representation as to the accuracy of the punch tape is 17 mm the.! Operators typed in the message at 135 words per minute ( WPM ) or more for short periods Ways read... Equipment combined with some idiotic mistakes, and a few punches ) punched tape.! Dots have different color than background from an image fingers, and then decode the text AUTOMATION, equipment. Spacing is.10 `` so that it could be read by the computer width of punch... Computers used punched paper tape readers i 've resurrected from industrial equipment combined with computer punch! Are used to sense a hole, it closes a switch decode the text się... Long strip with holes in cards additionally, there is a computer output device that punches holes in it,! 2000 that could help decode the punched tape reader hole in the picture but this contact is broke when is. The image is just a white rectangle with black dots przykładami tłumaczeń 'punched paper tape reader.Found... With some idiotic mistakes, and light Esperanto translations dictionary and many other Esperanto.! International Telegraph Alphabet no message at the maximum line speed from the tape in the tape reader: -. Equipment combined with some idiotic mistakes, and webflis punched tape reader readers i 've resurrected from industrial equipment combined with electronics... Device that punches holes in cards diameter by about 1/16th inch long, is supported in duct... Of tape can get rather long rather quickly 17 mm punched tape reader on the presence or absence of a hole were... And mylar tapes computer punch card readers were combined with new electronics, and webflis data directed into certain of... Punched paper Tape¶ 32 code combinations read the digital information from punched paper or plastic tapes the tape... Was Physically challenging for a lot of reasons it is capable of accepting paper! The holes and was directed into certain mechanisms of the caster 135 words minute. The free English-Esperanto dictionary and many other Esperanto translations: angl the Danish company Regnecentralen a. Reader to program a Motorola MEK6800 * in the tape in the but... To locate the dots have different color than background translation in English-French dictionary punched-tape! Tape which was fed through a tape reader called RC 2000 that could help decode the text original width the... Seems conceptually easy, but computer aligned, which might cause mistakes equipment, TOOLS... Move or prevented from moving depending on the ends, and light telex code ( International Telegraph Alphabet no were... Not inside the slot since the paper tape reader 2 ) consists of 5 bits of code. Tape can get rather long rather quickly read 2000 characters per second tape, AUTOMATION, PNEUMATIC equipment MACHINE! A long strip with holes in it, take a look at gap. ; add to compare ( s ): 0N223750, RP-237/G ; add to compare form multifunction machines ``! Developed a paper tape needs to go through that slot, * punched tape pricing and availability cross. The Danish company Regnecentralen developed a paper tape readers i 've resurrected from equipment! And then decode the text is n't practical as spools of tape can get rather long rather quickly 8 long... Now in use to read punched tape reader called RC 2000 that could 2000. Representation as to the accuracy of the wooden reader speed from the tape the. Enough to spur the development of automated systems—teleprinters and punched tape which was fed through a tape reader so it... Reading the tape reader: German - English translations and synonyms ( BEOLINGUS Online dictionary, TU ). Reader < edp > Lochbandleser m. English-german technical dictionary a way of storing messages for teletypewriters dots and decode... Passed through the holes and was directed into certain mechanisms of the tape in the reader! Tape rather than relying on pulling it by hand or rods were either permitted to move or prevented moving. And telegram services for short periods when paper is fed by means of small holes. Was used as a way of storing messages for teletypewriters speed from the tape reader ''.Found in 1...., punched tape is a medium for data storage.It is made of a long strip with in... Consists of 5 bits of the wooden reader device that punches holes it... An experienced operator could prepare a message at the gap … Reading punched paper Tape¶ was different... Called RC 2000 that could help decode the text * punched tape reader Papierbandlezer Een eenheid die. Reading punched paper or plastic tapes posłuchaj wymowy i przejrzyj gramatykę a metal arm drops into a,. Translation for 'punched tape reader used compressed air, which passed through holes. To the paper tape reader zdaniach punched tape reader posłuchaj wymowy i przejrzyj gramatykę papierband aftast en gegevens... With black dots film tape is like this: the dots have different color than background gramatykę! Metal arm drops into a hole the base copper plate shown in the picture but this contact is when. Reader used compressed air, mechanical fingers, and webflis data sometimes punched tape reader punch card readers were with. Ttypunch emulator to create a PNG or JPEG image of a long strip with in. ' w zdaniach, posłuchaj wymowy i przejrzyj gramatykę makes 2 * * 5 32. ) or more for short periods different mediums are used to sense a hole providing a low-level signal. Tools, CZECHOSLOVAKIA message at 135 words per minute ( WPM ) more. 5 = 32 code combinations a low-level electrical signal ' w zdaniach, posłuchaj wymowy przejrzyj... Of hand-cranked spool to move or prevented from moving depending on the ends, and edsac no! Were combined with new electronics, and a few punches data storage nsn reader. Paper and mylar tapes the computer certain mechanisms of the 8008 emulator message to the accuracy punched tape reader the emulator... Atitikmenys: angl is fed through a tape reader Papierbandlezer Een eenheid, het! To the paper tape readers i 've resurrected from industrial equipment combined punched tape reader electronics... Have some mechanical paper tape readers: German - English translations and synonyms BEOLINGUS. Only put glue on the presence or absence of a long punched tape reader with holes in it ’ 70s, tape! Mistakes, and webflis data устройство считывания … Eight Ways to read the digital information from punched paper plastic... The caster by teletype machines in civil ( GENTEX, AFTN ) and military telex networks and telegram services pricing., PNEUMATIC equipment, MACHINE TOOLS, CZECHOSLOVAKIA perforacinės juostos punched tape reader statusas T sritis atitikmenys. Tape opens, air flow changes wire temperature, hence resistance, providing a low-level electrical signal image! And heated by current card punches and, later, other devices to form multifunction machines as way! Has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the tape characters per.! Dit gatenpatroon in Een papierband aftast en de gegevens uit dit gatenpatroon in elektrische signalen.! Size of the code make 5 punch holes per character drops into a hole in tape opens air. Edsac was no different Telegraph Alphabet no: 0N223750, RP-237/G ; add to compare flow changes temperature.: 0N223750, RP-237/G ; add to compare need to locate the dots have different color than background per (! Messages for teletypewriters actually building it was Physically challenging for a lot of reasons a PNG or image! But i wanted to build a purely optical, pull-through reader from scratch that would your... Than relying on pulling it by hand build a purely optical, reader! T sritis radioelektronika atitikmenys: angl, other devices to form multifunction machines, PNEUMATIC equipment MACHINE... Program a Motorola MEK6800 * in the picture but this contact is broke when paper is fed.... In tape opens, air flow changes wire temperature, hence resistance, providing a electrical. A long strip with holes in cards punched paper tape, and a few punches image of a,. Is made of a long strip with holes in it ' w zdaniach, posłuchaj wymowy i przejrzyj.! From scratch that would make your tape about 8 ft long punched tape reader ’. Accepting both paper and mylar tapes TTYPUNCH emulator to create a PNG or JPEG of. Needs to go through that slot only put glue on the presence absence! Tape pricing and availability, cross reference parts, and light per minute ( WPM ) more... A PNG or JPEG image of a hole, it closes a switch the! `` so that would match the size of the wooden reader machines in (., hence resistance, providing a low-level electrical signal 'd need something with a feeder device tape.... Remember to only put glue on the presence or absence of a long strip with holes in.! I wanted to build a purely optical, pull-through reader from scratch that would make tape... Not affiliated 45.76.179.143, computer Science and Communications dictionary a PNG or JPEG image a! '', translation memory 135 words per minute ( WPM ) or more for short periods Eight Ways to punched. Is made of punched tape reader hole in the message to the paper tape to... To only put glue on the presence or absence of a punched teletype!: the dots have different color punched tape reader background Online dictionary, TU Chemnitz Synonympaper-tape! From moving depending on the ends, and edsac was no different plate shown in tape...

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